The Jonathan Linnell 11a, b1 Mystery Solved



When Rachel Linnell Wynn published her book, The Descendants of Robert Linnell in 1985, she collaborated with Arthur E. Linnell (11a,b12,719).   Unfortunately, Arthur’s own line has never been proven or connected to Robert Linnell.  Jonathan Linnell’s (11a,b1) ancestry had perplexed Arthur E. Linnell for over 50 years and he had even published an ad for any information in 1904.  If you look at the evidence that Rachel and Arthur presented in pages 89-92 [1], it was remarkable the detail and sources they had before the advent of the internet.  What I will try and do is present the facts with new information and records that have come to light, with an unbiased approach that can help link the (11a,b1) line of Jonathan Linnell jr. b. abt. 1723 d. 1797 to Jonathan Linnell (117,5) b. 1701 who married Abigail Phinney.
  
What do we know about this Jonathan Linnell jr. (11a,b1) from actual records?  Jonathans’ Tombstone is inscribed “In memory of Mr. JONATHAN LINNELL who departed this Life June 9th 1797 in the 74th Year of his Age[2] This is supported by the Bill of Mortality Records in the South Parish of Eastham “1797 Jona Linnel[3] From this we can deduct that Jonathan was born about 1723.  Jonathan was married three times

(1) Jan 8th 1747, Mercy Mayo d. 25 March 1760 [1]
(2) Aug 28th 1760 Rachel Hopkins, the widow of Dean Smith d. 1775 [1]
(3) aft. May 12th 1775 Tabitha Crosbe (Crosby), the widow of John Hurd d. March 6th 1809. [1]


Below are transcripts of Intention and Marriage records for Jonathan’s three marriages.

(1) November ye 1st 1746 then entered the intentions Jonathan Linel jur and mercy mayo both of Eastham to procedd in marriage [4]
January ye 8th 1747 then Jonathan Linel jur and mercy mayo both of Eastham were married by mr Joseph Crocker Clerk [5]
(2) August ye 5d “1760 Then Entered ye Intenshens of Jonatha[n] Linill of Eastham & Rachel Smith of Harwich to Proseed in marrig By order of Jabez Snow Town Clark [6] The actual records of Eastham show Jonathan Linnell “jur” [7]  
Augst 28th 1760 Jonathan Linnell & Rachel Smith were Marred Revd Mr Dunster [8]
(3) May 12th 1775 Jonathan Linniel Juer and Tabitha Hurd both of Eastham Marriage Intention [9]
Sept 7th 1775 Mr. Jonathan Linnel jr. and widow Tabitha Hurd both of Eastham were both joined in marriage by JB [10]

From the five records we can easily establish that Jonathan Linnell jr. was more than likely a son of another Jonathan Linnell.   This assumption is not always the case because in colonial times jr. , sr. , and 3rd were sometimes used to separate living individuals with the same name, jr. being the younger, sr. the elder, 3rd the youngest. These individuals could be an uncle, cousin, or even an unrelated individual, but for all practical purposes was used to designate father and son. [11] In Rachel Wynn’s book it was shown that Arthur E Linnell was relying on the writings of Amos Otis.  Specifically, numbers 23, 32, 33, and 34. in the Linnell line. [1]   To help explain the confusion let us look at it visually

After reviewing the Amos Otis papers, I feel it is better to disregard the information as a genealogical source and just use them just as a reference. 

What do we know about the proposed father of Jonathan Linnell jr. (11a,b1) from records?  His father was Jonathan Linnell (175,5) son of Jonathan Linnell (175) and Elizabeth.  He was born Aug 4th 1701[13], d. April 21st 1777 in Eastham [14] married Abigail Phinney Aug 28th 1725 daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Beetle Phinney) b. June 1704 d. 1779 in Eastham. [1]  The transcript of their marriage intention says “August ye 27th 1725 Jonathan Linnell Junr Signified his purpose to marry with Abigaile finny of Barnstable in order to be published[15] Jonathan and Abigail had:

Elizabeth b.  July 22nd 1728
Thomas b.  Jun 2nd 1730
Sarah b.  Apr. 28th 1733
Heman b.  Sept. 13th 1735
Elisha    b.  Mar. 8th 1738
Abigail b   June 9th  1741
Hannah b. Feb 14th 1744 [all birth records 17]

From the marriage record of Jonathan and Abigail we can conclude a couple things.  First Jonathan (117,5) used the jr. moniker in 1723 that designated he was the son of another Jonathan Linnell (117). Second Jonathan jr. (11a,b1) was either born out of wedlock or son of an unknown 1st wife of Jonathan jr. (117,5). 

Jonathan jr. (11a,b1) used his father’s name, owned land as Yeoman in Harwich [18],  and was called “Mr.”[10]  so the idea he was illegitimate seems less likely.  Jonathan jr. (11a,b1) was not mentioned in his fathers will when he died and if he was illegitimate he would not be able to inherit land according to Massachusetts law.  According to Jonathan’s (117,5) will his house in Eastham was split up into thirds with his wife Abigail and his sons Heman and Thomas.  The will also mentioned daughters: Elizabeth Rogers (Linnell), Abigail Knowles (Linnell), and Hannah Cole (Linnell); granddaughter, Ellis Mayo, and grandson Theophilius Mayo getting part of the estate.  Thomas and Heman were assigned as executers and witnesses were Jonathan Linnell 3rd and Elkanah Linnell nephews of Jonathan (117,5) and sons of his brother Thomas. [19]
  
Jonathan (11a,b1) probably was not mentioned in the will because he was 54 years of age and better off than his half-siblings.  He likely still had land in Harwich and possibly Eastham which he may have already received from his father (Jonathan 117,5), had received a considerable amount of land from Jonathan Linnell b. 1668 (117). [20]   In 1771 Jonathan jr. had 20.5 acres of land, 1 Horse, 2 Cows, 7 Goats and 2 Pigs in Harwich. [21] and church records show Jonathan jr. had moved back to Eastham by May of 1774. [22]  In 1790 Jonathan jr. was listed In the Eastham Census living next to Samuel, Elkanah, and his son Uriah Linnell. [23]

To help prove these statements we need to review four pieces of solid evidence.

(1) The Records of the First Church in Orleans, Formerly the First Church in Eastham Mass, Copied at the expense of John W Willard, Arthur E. Linnell and Stanley Smith in 1907.  Church members May 2nd 1774. [22]

Jona Linnel 3d Wife Pricilla (Gould)
Jona Linnel Jur Wife Rachel (Hopkins-Smith)
Married Women whose husbands are not yet of ye Chh. (Church) Abigail (Phinny) Wife of Jona Linnell

This parishioner list distinctly shows a clear separation between the Jonathans and their corresponding monikers on the same record.  Jonathan Linnell jr. (11a,b1) who is married to Rachel (Huggins) is the son of Jonathan Linnell (117,5) who married Abigail (Phinney).  This list does not use the moniker “sr.  as a designation and there are many other “jr’s” listed with other families with their fathers.  If you look back on how Jonathan (117,5) son of Jonathan (117) and Elizabeth used the jr. moniker with his marriage to Abigail Phinney, you would think that would be passed to the next generation.

(2) In 1996 Robert P Smith, Ph D. transcribed the records of the Federated Church of Orleans, Mass. with records starting in 1772.  This church, located on Main Street in South Orleans is a member of the United Church of Christ.  It was formed as the Federated Church when the local Congregationalist and Universalist Churches combined. Interestingly, at one time they excommunicated members for attending Universalist services. In his transcriptions, Dr. Smith has a record of the marriage of Jonathan Linnell jr. and Tabitha Hurd both of Eastham on Sept. 7th 1775. His notes designate the parents of the newlyweds to be “Son of Jonathan and Abigail (Phinney) Linnell; Daughter of Thomas and Mary Crosby”.  We know from the marriage records of Jonathan and Abigail that Jonathan jr. was born before their marriage date. [10]

 
(3) In the write up of Stephen Hopkins in the Mayflower Families Fifth Generation Descendants by John D Austin F.A.S.G.  The author has “Rachel Hopkins widow of Dean Smith married in Harwich August 28th 1760 to Jonathan Linnell son of Jonathan and Abigail (Phinney) Linnell”.  Again, We know from the marriage records of Jonathan and Abigail that Jonathan jr. was born before their marriage date. [24]

 
(4) In 1905, The Genealogical and Biographical Record of New London, Conn was published.  Inside this large book is a biography of the Linnell family from written by Dr. Edward H Linnell b. Sept. 15th 1853 in East Douglas, Mass.  The line of descent shows the author, all the way to his GG Grandfather, Jonathan Linnell jr. (11a,b1) to Robert Linnell.  Dr. Linnell studied in Germany, London, and Vienna and became a medical Dr. of various disciplines.   He was also a writer and contributor of various scientific articles and publications and even wrote textbooks and was still living at the publication of the biography.  One must assume that Dr.  Linnell was detail orientated and a trustworthy source of information. Dr. Linnell’s father, Jonathan Edwards Linnell was born in Orleans, Massachusetts in 1822 to Jonathan Linnell b. 1789 son of Uriah.   Personally I believe this to be the best source of ancestry because the authors living family was only a generation away from Jonathan jr.(11a,b1) and probably had a family bible with records or an accurate oral record. [25]


In conclusion I think we now have enough new evidence to safely say that Jonathan Linnell (11a,b1) is the son of Jonathan Linnell (175,5) and an unknown mother.    
New 11a,b1,Family Tree

Sources 

[1] Rachel Linnell Wynn, The Descendants of Robert Linnell 1st Ed (Irvington Printers, Rochester NY, 1985) pgs. 14-16, 89-92.
[2] Transcriptions of Orleans Graves “In memory of Mr JONATHAN LINNELL who departed this Life June 9th 1797 in the 74th Year of his Agehttp://www.capecodgravestones.com/orlchatharpixweb/linn97or.html (b. abt. 1723)
[3] The Mayflower Descendant: A Quarterly Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History, Volume 7 Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1905 pg.230, Bill of Mortality Records in the South Parish of Eastham “1777 Jona Linnel
[4] Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1621-1850 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016). https://www.americanancestors.org/DB190/i/14498/MD V.29, p.17/264891152
[5] Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1621-1850 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016). https://www.americanancestors.org/DB190/i/14498/MD V.28, p.83/264890029
[6] Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1621-1850 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016). https://www.americanancestors.org/DB190/i/14498/MD V.27, p.107/264889335
[7] Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988, Harwich Town Records, 1731-1794; Vol. II, pg. 150 www.ancestry.com
[8] Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1621-1850 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016). https://www.americanancestors.org/DB190/i/39812/145/1037417952p. 68
[9] Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1621-1850 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016). https://www.americanancestors.org/DB190/i/14498/MD V.43, p.207/264894511
[10] Mayflower Descendant: A Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History. Boston, MA: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1899- . (Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010) https://www.americanancestors.org/DB407/i/13856/114/0 pg. 114
[11] George E. McCracken, "Terms of Relationship in Colonial Times" (The American Genealogist, vol. 55 1979), pgs. 52-4.
[12] Amos Otis, Genealogical Notes of Barnstable Families Vol 2 (F. B. & F. P. Goss, Barnstable Mass, 1890) pgs. 149-150
[13] Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988, Orleans and Eastham Records pg. 312 ancestry.com
[14] The Mayflower Descendant: A Quarterly Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History, Volume 7 Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1905 pg.185, Bill of Mortality Records in the South Parish of Eastham “1777 Jona Linnel 73.” The actual record of his death says nothing of the age 73. Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 Orleans
Eastham and Orleans Death Records, pg. 56. Ancestry.com
[15] Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1621-1850 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016). https://www.americanancestors.org/DB190/i/14498/MD V.28, p.114/264890303
[17] Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1621-1850 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016). https://www.americanancestors.org/DB190/i/14498/MD V.16, p.31/264887065
[18] Susan E Roser, Mayflower Deeds and Probates, 1600-1850 (Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore, 1994) pg 307
[19] Jonathan Linnell Probate Date 29 Jan 1777 Probate Place Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Probate and Guardianship Records, Vol 17-20, 1769-1809 Vol 17 pgs 454-7
[20] Unrecorded Barnstable Deeds, The Mayflower Descendant, 1620-1920: A Quarterly Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History, Volumes 16-17 Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants., 1914 pgs. 222-225
[21] 1771 Massachusetts Tax Inventory vols. 132-134http://sites.fas.harvard.edu/~hsb41/masstax/masstax.cgi 
[22] The Mayflower Descendant, Volume 10, 1908. Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants. (1908) pgs, 165-168
[23] Year: 1790; Census Place: Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts; Series: M637; Roll: 4; Page: 211; Image: 243; FHL Film: 0568144
[24] Mayflower Families Fifth Generation Descendants, 1700-1880.. From Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth, Mass., December 1620. Plymouth, MA: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1975-<2015>. https://www.americanancestors.org/DB2728/i/48707/337/1416956384 pg.337
[25] Genealogical and Biographical Record of New London County, Connecticut: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens and Genealogical Records of Many of the Early Settled Families (J.H. Beers & Company, 1905) pgs. 651-652



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